As part of the negotiations, EU delegates sought recognition of European geographical indications such as feta cheese or cold cuts. Canadian dairy farmers were concerned that EU demands would prevent them from using certain names on cheese. Finally, the agreement recognised 173 European geographical indications, with the exception of wines and spirits. The high standards agreed between the EU and Canada will serve as a reference for future trade agreements. CETA has been provisionally applied since 21 September 2017. However, this only applies to chapters falling within the exclusive competence of the EU. Following this provisional entry into force of the agreement, EU businesses and citizens have benefited directly from CETA since 21 September 2017. Canada removes all tariffs at 98% of all trade between the EU and Canada (as far as tariffs are concerned). This will save EU businesses €590 million in customs duties per year. They also have the best access to Canadian federal, provincial and local public sector markets ever granted to non-Canadian companies.
The Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between the EU and Canada is an ambitious and inclusive free trade agreement covering virtually all sectors and aspects of EU-Canada trade. Since September 2017, its broad scope offers a range of advantages and advantages for EU businesses, including small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in a wide range of sectors. Thanks to CETA, SMEs can benefit from preferential access and reduced barriers to developing their activities. ISDS has also been described as a clear threat to all climate change measures. Greenhouse gas emissions from Canada`s oil sands are 23 per cent higher than those from traditional oil. As CETA liberalises transatlantic energy trade, it will lead to an increase in oil sand oil production for the European market. Any government that tries to limit the flow of oil sand oil in response to global warming could face an ISDS claim from an oil company. Negotiations on the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between Canada and its second largest economic partner, the European Union, officially began in March 2009. The Toronto-based lobby group Canada Europe Roundtable for Business, supported by 60 European and Canadian leaders, had insisted on the deal, for which the strongest supporters in Europe were Sarkozy and Germany Merkel. The agreement was signed in September 2014 and is currently in the process of ratification. The impact of CETA on farmers in general is of particular concern.
Transnational seed groups have a broad new enforcement power to maintain their control over seeds. Worse, the agreement will almost completely eliminate farmers` rights to store, reuse and sell seeds. In addition, the removal of tariffs on agricultural goods will result in a loss of revenue for farmers and will only benefit large exporting agricultural enterprises. . . .